Observing $t\bar{t}Z$ spin correlations at the LHC

Prospects for an observation

Abstract

Spin correlations in the production of top-antitop quark ($t\bar{t}$) pairs at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) are an experimentally verified prediction of the Standard Model. In this paper, we compute the full spin density matrix for $t\bar{t}Z$ production at next-to-leading order precision in QCD, for center-of-mass energies of 13 and 14 TeV. We find that the additional emission of a Z boson leads to significantly different spin correlations with respect to the $t\bar{t}$ case, and induces small longitudinal polarisations of the top quarks. We further propose an analysis strategy that could lead to the observation of spin correlations in $t\bar{t}Z$ events at the end of Run 3 of the LHC, or possibly earlier by combining the ATLAS and CMS datasets. In addition, we show that the pure angular information contained in the spin density matrix provides novel constraints on the dimension-6 effective field theory (EFT) operators relevant to the $t-Z$ interaction, without any reference to the total production rates.

Publication
Eur. Phys. J. C
Baptiste Ravina
Baptiste Ravina
Saltire Fellow (Royal Society of Edinburgh)

I’m an experimental particle physicist looking for new physics at the ATLAS experiment with machine learning.

James Howarth
James Howarth
University Research Fellow (Royal Society)

Jay has worked on top quark physics as part of the ATLAS Collaboration since 2009 and is a leading expert in spin correlations.